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Wind Turbine Generators – Free power from mother nature. Maybe we could install it now

December 5, 2018

Wind Turbine Generators – Free power from mother nature. Maybe we could install it now

Wind generators are one of the most reliable forms of alternative power sources on the planet. They are made to manufacture power by transforming the kinetic energy of the wind into mechanical energy, which is then either harnessed directly (in the case of windmills, for example, which were used to change wheat into flour, or to pump water for farming) or coupled to a generator that creates a DC output that can be used in a more general sense. In this article I will be talking about the type of wind generators that produce electric energy, as this is more useful to us in our daily lives.

Wind turbines are basically large windmills, with gigantic blades that rotate in the wind and produce power from the conversion of the winds force. Wind turbines are manufactured from plastic, aluminium, steel and numerous other space age metals.

Wind turbines have a few negative impacts on the environment. They are very visible, and quite unsightly since they must be put in proximity to windy, open terrain to be useful – attempts to locate them off the coast have been met with great success. They require a great deal of energy in their manufacture, energy which is typically fossil-based, and therefore it can take a considerable amount of time before they are positive in terms of total carbon emissions – this time can be anywhere from 2 to 5 years. Wind turbines are linked to the mauling of rare species of birds that can be mutilated as they pass through the turbine fans during migratory passages.

With all of the downsides aside, wind turbines should be a choice when talking about a broad plan for renewable energy. Once erected, wind turbines are amazingly efficient in a larger sense – they generate power from a natural, eco-friendly renewable resource, without the hidden social or environmental penalties that we incur with the use of fossil fuels – theres no need to mine for fuel or to transport it – there are no global warming pollutants created, and no need to store, process, or to dispose of toxic wastes.

At the small side of the scale, turbines can be as tiny as 5 feet in diameter and are capable of only a few hundred watts. On the high end of the spectrum, turbines can be as huge as three hundred feet in diameter and are capable of generating two to five megawatts of power.

Similar to photovoltaic solar power generation, there might be rebates available for construction, and excess energy can be sold back to the power company.

Wind velocity is impacted by topography and increases with height above the ground, so wind turbines are generally installed on top of large towers. In a typical application, the wind turbine sits on top of a tall tower and generates low voltage DC which is used to charge a battery store – this stored potential energy is ultimately utilized by routing it through an inverter that changes the low voltage direct current power into utility voltage alternating current electricity that can be used in household applications. By concentrating a lot of turbines into wind farms a substantial amount of electricity can be stored and utilized, perhaps for a whole city or town.

Because the wind doesnt blow all of the time in many areas, wind turbines are used as adjuncts in hybrid configurations with many different technologies like photovoltaic panels, and diesel generators to provide a consistent source of electricity.

Dissimilar to fossil-fuel stations, wind turbines are clean and green – they dont create the carbon dioxide emissions that are causing greenhouse gases or the SO2 emissions that cause acid rain.

Todays turbines are divided into 2 categories, namely horizontal turbines and vertica turbines. Todays horizontal axis wind turbines are actually far better at capturing the wind than vertical axis turbines given the same amount of swept area (which is the diameter of the circle traced by the outside tip of the rotor blades).

Wind Turbine Generators – Free power from mother nature. Maybe we could install it now

November 28, 2018

Wind generators are one of the most reliable forms of alternative power sources on the planet. They are made to manufacture power by transforming the kinetic energy of the wind into mechanical energy, which is then either harnessed directly (in the case of windmills, for example, which were used to change wheat into flour, or to pump water for farming) or coupled to a generator that creates a DC output that can be used in a more general sense. In this article I will be talking about the type of wind generators that produce electric energy, as this is more useful to us in our daily lives.

Wind turbines are basically large windmills, with gigantic blades that rotate in the wind and produce power from the conversion of the winds force. Wind turbines are manufactured from plastic, aluminium, steel and numerous other space age metals.

Wind turbines have a few negative impacts on the environment. They are very visible, and quite unsightly since they must be put in proximity to windy, open terrain to be useful – attempts to locate them off the coast have been met with great success. They require a great deal of energy in their manufacture, energy which is typically fossil-based, and therefore it can take a considerable amount of time before they are positive in terms of total carbon emissions – this time can be anywhere from 2 to 5 years. Wind turbines are linked to the mauling of rare species of birds that can be mutilated as they pass through the turbine fans during migratory passages.

With all of the downsides aside, wind turbines should be a choice when talking about a broad plan for renewable energy. Once erected, wind turbines are amazingly efficient in a larger sense – they generate power from a natural, eco-friendly renewable resource, without the hidden social or environmental penalties that we incur with the use of fossil fuels – theres no need to mine for fuel or to transport it – there are no global warming pollutants created, and no need to store, process, or to dispose of toxic wastes.

At the small side of the scale, turbines can be as tiny as 5 feet in diameter and are capable of only a few hundred watts. On the high end of the spectrum, turbines can be as huge as three hundred feet in diameter and are capable of generating two to five megawatts of power.

Similar to photovoltaic solar power generation, there might be rebates available for construction, and excess energy can be sold back to the power company.

Wind velocity is impacted by topography and increases with height above the ground, so wind turbines are generally installed on top of large towers. In a typical application, the wind turbine sits on top of a tall tower and generates low voltage DC which is used to charge a battery store – this stored potential energy is ultimately utilized by routing it through an inverter that changes the low voltage direct current power into utility voltage alternating current electricity that can be used in household applications. By concentrating a lot of turbines into wind farms a substantial amount of electricity can be stored and utilized, perhaps for a whole city or town.

Because the wind doesnt blow all of the time in many areas, wind turbines are used as adjuncts in hybrid configurations with many different technologies like photovoltaic panels, and diesel generators to provide a consistent source of electricity.

Dissimilar to fossil-fuel stations, wind turbines are clean and green – they dont create the carbon dioxide emissions that are causing greenhouse gases or the SO2 emissions that cause acid rain.

Todays turbines are divided into 2 categories, namely horizontal turbines and vertica turbines. Todays horizontal axis wind turbines are actually far better at capturing the wind than vertical axis turbines given the same amount of swept area (which is the diameter of the circle traced by the outside tip of the rotor blades).

Interior Of Recreational Vehicles

October 31, 2018

Interior Of Recreational Vehicles

William Otoole on Twitter:
Source: Flickr


The recreational vehicles and camping cars are getting
popular amongst the adventure freaks.
With these
vehicles, one can experience the comfort and luxury,
despite of the camping site’s rough environment.

The interior of the recreational vehicles plays a
major part in a comfortable stay.

A recreational vehicle normally comprises of a bed,
bathroom, small kitchen area, and some storage space.

A luxurious recreational vehicle may comprise of a
living room with table, TV, kitchen with microwave,
refrigerator and a master bedroom with a large and
cozy bed.

The bathrooms are spacious and are fitted with a
shower. The toilets are generally the portable ones,
which can be detached and cleaned at a sanitary
station.

There are several terms involved in the interior of
the recreational vehicles. The toilets generally have
a Black water tank in which the waste water from the
toilet is stored.

The kitchens of recreational vehicles have the Grey
Water tanks. These are used to store the waste water
from the shower and kitchen sinks.

The most important equipments in the interior of the
recreational vehicle are the generators and the
converters. The generator can be petrol, propane or
diesel operated.

It generates AC voltage, which is very useful in dry
camping and in the middle of the travel. The converter
takes the AC voltage from the generator or the
campsite hookups and converts it into DC voltage. This
voltage is used by the electrical equipments in RV.

House batteries turn out as one more source of DC
voltage source. The batteries have a smaller capacity
of 12 volts DC. The batteries are charged by the
vehicle batteries.

The inverters take the DC voltage from house batteries
and convert into AC. This voltage is used by the
electronic equipments which need an AC voltage.

Generator Field Study

October 24, 2018

Generator Field Study


Generators are essential for fieldwork done by consultants often exposed to remote areas where electricity is not available.
A Goscor Engines customer recently did an intensive study to establish which generators are suitable for use with sensitive equipment such as the Cedip product range where spike and dips in power supply are very unhealthy for the equipment used.
Prior to doing the comparative study the customer, working in the field as a logistics consultant, used battery supplies as equipment power source.
He found battery supply as power source extremely limiting due to limited battery life.
Subsequently the consultant tried using UPS as a power supply especially when he did demonstration work but also found that time is a factor as the UPS also ran out of power, often at crucial points during a demonstration.
Traditional generators were not suitable either as dips and spikes occurs damaging the sensitive equipment used during demonstrations.
New generation (Inverter technology) generators were therefore considered as it includes power saving mode, are capable of delivering increased power on demand and are also equipped with a built in inverter circuit that protects sensitive electronics. These generators also have a 12V output, which is great especially when batteries have to be charged. Light-weight, compact in size and low noise levels are also an advantage especially when field demonstrations are done.
“Based on price and performance if I was looking for a system to operate my field set-up, I would opt for the Robin Subaru Generator. I did a demo for our Department of Environmental Affairs (Marine and Coastal Management – Anti-poaching task force) using the Robin, and it performed beautifully” said the client.
The set-up included:
1 x JADE LR
1 x pc (laptop)
1 x 21″ LCD TV screen
1 x Video recorder
1 x light fitting
Robin Subaru R1700i generator
The generator did not switch up to provide additional power. It remained in low power mode, thus providing more than 5 hours continuous use with no need to top up the petrol. The demonstration took place less than 10 meters from the generator, and could hardly be heard above the conversation level.
The only advantage of the more expensive generators, is that if you require a higher power rating than offered by the single generator, you can purchase an optional extension that allows you to connect two generators of the same model and rating in parallel, thus putting out double the power rating of a single generator. The output remains clean, spike-free and in phase.

Industrial Diesel Engines

October 17, 2018

Industrial Diesel Engines

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Source: Flickr


Industrial diesel engines are any engines that are used
for industrial purposes that run on diesel.
Industrial
diesel engines are used to power a major portion of
industrial machinery, from motorbikes to bulldozers,
generators, and even forklifts and trucks. They range
in size from a few pounds to a few tons, with a various
amount of power.

The use of diesel engines is mandated by several large
organizations. All NATO machinery for example, runs on
either diesel or aviation grade kerosene. At the
current level of technology, fossil fuels, and especially
diesel are the most economical and convenient means
of supplying power to a variety of equipment and
even backup generators.

All industrial diesel engines can be either air cooled
or water cooled. The smallest engines for residential
purposes will typically provide about 10kW and cost
a few thousand USD. These smaller scale engines power
much of the mobile machinery we see around us on a
daily basis, such as trucks, farm equipment, small
boats, stationary process machinery, earth movers,
and so on.

The medium scale industrial diesel engines can provide
levels between a few hundred kW and a few thousand
kW and are sold for prices in usually the thousands
of dollars. These types are used in larger machinery
such as larger mining equipment, oil rigs, trains,
large boats, military equipment, and much more.

The largest of industrial diesel engines provide 10,000
to 80,000 kW, sold in the millions of dollars, and
are used for ultra heavy equipment, electric power
generation, and the largest of ships. Large industrial
engines can be up to 49 feet side and run on low
grade diesels. In places such as China, where there
is a high demand for de-centralized power sources,
these types of engines are often utilized.

Industral engines are classified in terms of their
speed, or RPM (Rotations Per Minute). High RPM
engines are normally used for the lighter, more common
applications, such as trucks and other types of land
equipment.

Medium RPM engines are generally used for power
generation. Low RPM ranges, and high torque engines
are used for the biggest type of equipment, such as
marine equipment and applications.

For the most part, industrial diesel engines can
vary in terms of size and performance. Chances are,
you’ve either seen or used industrial equipment at
some point in time. Although they cost a lot of
money, they are the way to go with bigger equipment
for getting the job done right the first time.

Deciding Whether To Hire A Winnebago In England

October 3, 2018

Deciding Whether To Hire A Winnebago In England


Motorhome touring holidays are becoming more and more popular in England and Europe and many people consider hiring an American type vehicle such as a Winnebago instead of the home grown British or European models produced by companies such as Swift or Elddis.

Before deciding to hire a winnebago for use in England however, it is worthwhile considering the arguments for and against. It should be noted that Winnebago is actually a manufacturer’s name even though it is now used as a generic term for American Motorhome and there are many other makers, such as Airstream. While considering the hire of such a vehicle it is wise to consider switching to an English equivalent if the circumstances warrant it. Let us consider the pros and cons of the American motorhome against the British equivalent.

Winnebago motorhomes are left hand drive whilst English vehicles are right hand drive , this is a definite disadvantage if you are intending to stay in the uk , however if you are going to mainland Europe the winnebago is more suitable. Winnebago vehicles are also long vehicles, designed for the u.s. roads which are wider and much straighter than English roads, you would not want to make a three point turn on an English road in a winnebago although many have rearward facing cameras to aid you in this task. Winnebago engines are designed for u.s. gas prices, whether diesel or petrol the fuel consumption will be high and must be factored into your decision.The side door on an american vehicle will open onto the road instead of the pavement or verge when used in England, this could be a major safety issue, especially if you are taking children with you. Although reliable Winnebagos can break down just like any other motor vehicle and spares availabilty can be limited in the U.K. with many parts having to be shipped in from America expertise in repairing these vehicles can also be scarce.

On the other hand winnebago motorhomes are more spacious with many having slide out sides ( for use whilst parked) which create huge living areas, they are normally fully equipped with air conditioning, central heating, showers, hook up for waste, tv, electricity, separate bedrooms, built in generators, aouto-levelling air jacks, lcd televisions, automatic transmission, air suspension, separate dining areas and roof deck seating. In general they are much more luxurious than their British counterparts, they also tend to have more powerful engines.It should however be noted that if the morohome weighs more than 7.5 tonnes you will not be able to drive it ona a normal car drivers licence , you will need a class “C” truck licence.

You therefore have to choose whether the static advantages of a winnebago are more important than the drawbacks of fuel consumption, maneuverability, safety etc in coming to the decision of whether to hire a winnebago or whether to go for an English motorhome. Whichever you choose you are bound to enjoy the freedom of the road, that outdoor camping feelgood factor and the ever changing scenery as you tour the countryside.

SEO Consultants and SEO Companies

October 1, 2018

SEO Consultants

SEO ConsultantsSEO Consultants, digital marketing and Search engine optimization (SEO) is the process of affecting the online visibility of a website or a web page in a web search engine’s free results-often understood to be as “natural”, “organic”, or “earned” results . If you have actually decided to engage SEO services or digital marketing services to boost your internet marketing method, you will need to decide between contracting an independent SEO consultant such as pkseoservices.com.au/ with their Global Corporate SEO companies or hiring an SEO company. Hiring an SEO service in Sydney may seem more attractive initially because an SEO company will normally have a wider array of resources and manpower than say SEO Consultants in Australia or Sydney, however this apparent advantage includes some significant costs. It is far more pricey to work with an SEO company over SEO Consultants, since they charge higher costs and will normally request for a minimum time commitment.

SEO ServicesWorkers in Sydney SEO services will also frequently come and go, which results in your relationships being frequently interfered with. You will wind up investing more effort and time articulating your marketing needs than if you sourced your SEO services from one expert. Depending upon the size of the company, an Australian based SEO company could be handling a large number of clients at any one time, which means that the opportunities of receiving tailored attention for your business from said SEO services are lessened as opposed to your own seo consultant or Digital marketing consultants. Not only this but SEO services never usally invest the money or time to study off page SEO or link building methods which consultants are always in touch with. SEO services are just usually too busy collecting money from their clients

The Benefits of Picking SEO consultants over SEO Services

Besides being more economical, picking an SEO consultant implies you have the ability to pick an professional who perfectly matches your needs due to the fact that you are picking from a global community of consultants who provide a range of ability and specialization that can not be matched in any single SEO company. Opportunities of establishing a long-term relationship with your SEO company are much higher with an independent consultant, and you have greater state in selecting the consultant’s level of knowledge.

An SEO consultant has more freedom to choose the work they are best suited for, instead of SEO company staff members who have clients assigned to them. You are therefore a lot more most likely to work with a highly inspired provider if you engage with a freelance specialist. Your service as a result is better placed to obtain greater worth from its marketing budget through an independent SEO consultant. Sydney SEO Search Engine Optimization( SEO) is necessary in assisting companies and services increase their online exposure for this reason increasing their sales and reach most of their targeted audience. Google whatever keeps changing their regulations and guidelines that make it complicated for businesses to keep to date with the changes. This makes it important for organizations to work with SEO professional to take care the Google modifications and offer their experience in making their sites to the top in Google search engine.

A website will have a hard time to get customers to make sales where necessary if it does not utilize the advantages of SEO experts. An company can decide to have an internal SEO team however employing an external professional yields more benefits. The experts in the field include Sydney SEO services which are as per now the best SEO consultant. Sydney SEO services provide SEO and building of websites for every single size of service which includes big medium and small companies. They use the most respected SEO services in Cydney. They are SEO specialists who have a big customer base and keeps on growing by receiving most of their clients from recommendations to them by pleased consumers.

Sydney SEO Solutions Advantages toBusinesses 1. They Offer Free Analysis To understand the level of the company’s site direct exposure to online search engine they offer a complimentary analysis to their clients. This helps them figure out the health of the site thus comprehend exactly what has to be done in the company. 2. They Deal Fair Prices They keep their rates down given that they understand that the majority of their customers work under limited spending plans. This makes it possible for all sizes of business to enjoy their services. They provide the costs depending on the size of the company which is really fair to every level. Benefits Provided bySEO Consultant Over SEO Company An company can choose to get the SEO services from an SEO consultant or an SEO company. However, an SEO consultant is better than an SEO company in the following ways. ·

SEO experts are more affordable than SEO business. · It’s simple to develop a close relationship with an SEO consultant compared with an SEO company. Having an SEO professional managing service’s website SEO enable the business to concentrate on its core activities and minimize on a cost of hiring its SEO professional. In this manner business can attain its set objectives on time and optimize on its resources making higher profits.

 

Digital Marketing Since 2012 And Changes in SEO

Digital Marketing SydneyDigital Marketing or what is otherwisae known as internet marketing and advertisements have been the basis of promoting business ventures all across the globe. Various advertisement methods such as advertising through newspapers ads, radio advertising, television advertising, public speaking, door hangers and flyers, event sponsorship and word-of-mouth advertising have been the key methods of advertisement in the past. However, with growing digitalization, the need to reach to the people through digital marketing or internet marketing was felt and hence online advertising came into the light. Digital marketing has changed a lot in the society today. There are also many digital marketing specialists that can help you rank a site on page 1 of Google today

What Is Digital Marketing ?

Digital marketing is the marketing of products or services using digital technologies, mainly on the Internet, but also including mobile phones, display advertising, and any other digital medium.

Digital marketing’s development since the 1990s and 2000s has changed the way brands and businesses use technology for marketing.[2] As digital platforms are increasingly incorporated into marketing plans and everyday life, and as people use digital devices instead of visiting physical shops,digital marketing campaigns are becoming more prevalent and efficient.

Digital marketing methods such as search engine optimization (SEO), search engine marketing (SEM), content marketing, influencer marketing, content automation, campaign marketing, data-driven marketing, e-commerce marketing, social media marketing, social media optimization, e-mail direct marketing, display advertising, e–books, and optical disks and games are becoming more common in our advancing technology. In fact, digital marketing now extends to non-Internet channels that provide digital media, such as mobile phones (SMS and MMS), callback, and on-hold mobile ring tones. In essence, this extension to non-Internet channels helps to differentiate digital marketing from online marketing, another catch-all term for the marketing methods mentioned above, which strictly occur online.

Digital Marketing Explained

How Can Digital Marketing Help Your Business Today ?

Now how is digital advertising better than the methods of advertisement used earlier? Digital Marketing is a term for marketing products or services using digital technologies mainly over the internet. The way in which digital marketing has developed itself over a few years, from 2000 to 2017, it has brought a revolution in the way businesses utilize technology and digital marketing for their marketing As the number of people using the internet is increasing day by day, there has been an increase in the demand for internet marketing and hence internet marketing is becoming more focused and reliable as it targets specific demographics. It is also cost efficient and provides real time results.

10 Top Digital Marketing Tips

What Is Search Engine Optimisation ?

Search engine optimization (SEO) is the process of affecting the online visibility of a website or a web page in a web search engine’s unpaid results—often referred to as “natural”, “organic”, or “earned” results. In general, the earlier (or higher ranked on the search results page), and more frequently a website appears in the search results list, the more visitors it will receive from the search engine’s users; these visitors can then be converted into customers.SEO may target different kinds of search, including image search, video search, academic search,news search, and industry-specific vertical search engines. SEO differs from local search engine optimization in that the latter is focused on optimizing a business’ online presence so that its web pages will be displayed by search engines when a user enters a local search for its products or services. The former instead is more focused on national or international searches.

10 Hot SEO Tips To Boost Your Rankings in 2018

How Is SEO Related To Digital Marketing

SEO or Search Engine Optimization works closely with Internet Marketing in order to convert the visitors into consumers. SEO comes into play as the business owner decides to advertise his business over the internet. We have seen a rapid increase in the number of businesses going online and it was after the year 2012 that almost every business is over the internet, with a website for their customers where they can view product and services, get to know about the business in a better way and can ask for any help and support they require which makes customers feel more supported and valued.

Today, in an era of cut throat competition, every business wants to appear on the first page of the search results in order to attract more customers and build a huge customer base and it is when the role of SEO comes into play. SEO uses keywords for websites and optimizes them in order to make the product or services provided by any company, easily accessible.
In addition to this, it is a smarter way of making websites user friendly, faster and easy to navigate.With Panda algorithm, Google has planned to penalize websites that
contain too much low quality content, no matter how old it is and also
to reward high quality content as well.

Digital Marketing ExpertsSEO is constantly changing with new ideas, new trends and new strategies being developed. The focus on keywords to be on the top of every search has now shifted to ROI metrics. One of the most used search engines, Google, in April, 2012, expanded the types of messages and warnings it sent. In the past years, Google tried to avoid notifying domains about their black hat webspam via Webmaster tools. Google also introduced Penguin with a view to penalize websites that exhibited signs of artificial external links. With Panda algorithm, Google has planned to penalize websites that contain too much low quality content, no matter how old it is and also to reward high quality content as well.

With changing trends in Digital Marketing, the businesses now need to be more aligned with the market scenario. Magazine, HotWired which purchased few of the banner ads to assist them in advertisements which led to the start of development to what today is known to be Digital Era.
Digital marketing world saw a boom, for the first time, in the year 2006, there was high traffic on the search engines. This report showed that there was over 6.4 billion usage in less than a month. The launching of Google in 2008, launched products such as Adwords and Adsense, to analyze the content and focus on the interests of its users.

Therefore it would not be wrong to say the world of SEO and Digital Marketing are always in a progression phase but have endless new ideas and concepts coming in every day. Businesses need to constantly keep an eye on the ever changing strategies of marketing and stay competent. These technologies have continuously helped businesses to prosper and achieve phenomenal success and will continue to provide their aid for a better tomorrow using digital marketing services.

Internet Marketing, SEO and its inception

Digital Marketing and SEO are constantly being thrown around the internet these days and is a growing industry. From social media influencers to EO specialists, to digital marketeers and now at the advent of viral videos we are on our way to an ever expanding world of marketing. Today online marketing nd SEO is a billion dollar industry covering a lot of aspect inside the internet and outside. Digital marketing even helps organisations which you may not think benefits from them. But before we delve into the current state of digital marketing, before we even tackle what is SEO in the first place we must first understand what marketing was before it. Though we may have shifted now to online advertising, this was not was always the case. And even now the old
methods still thrives, though having a diminished impact and presence. So we got to first unpack a few things.

Very Early Years

Advertising is as old as the written word and paper itself. Even ancient Egyptians advertised and made posters. Romans used political campaign displays among others things. It is safe to say that those overbearing ads you see in websites come way back since the history of Man and will probably stick with it. There is simply no simpler alternative of getting the word out about your
product or services out there other than actually putting the word out there. Waiting for word of mouth to naturally come and promote would seem like a noble thing however it is a gamble and when you are dealing with a lot of money you have to mitigate risks as much as possible. Those craftily made signs on pubs, or blacksmiths in those medieval European towns, they are still advertisements.

A More Modern Take On Things

With the proliferation of the weekly newspaper around the world we saw a more modern form of marketing, the printed advertisement. Over time these advances brought forth a move to cement the brand identity through marketing, the idea formed that a brand can have a personality other than it’s product, that marketing can change the perceived value of a brand or product. It was also around this time that marketing and advertising became profitable to those conducting it, the newspapers were able to lower their costs due to the payment given by the ones running the campaign. This is where the basic model for revenue of marketing came from. Afterwards came the advertising agency themselves, like the one Volney B. Palmer set up in Philadelphia. At first these agencies were simply brokers of space brought from various newspapers. However, over time and due to the introduction of competition, it became more and more the agency’s job to plan,
design, conceptualise and execute the campaigns all throughout. By 1900, these agencies became the central marketing point, they would be hire to do the entire campaign and would then be known for the qualities of their campaign. Industrialisation also affected marketing and transformed it greatly. With the sudden rise in production and increased revenue, companies were now
able to create and dream bigger. It was at this time that mass marketing was invented. It was created to help these products sell and was now becoming more and more part of the product itself. Marketing entrenched itself into the production pipeline and became a necessity in the same vein as the factories and the product itself. Without it the product would die.

It was also at this time that psychology and advertising became intertwined. Through the efforts of Edward Bernays on his campaign for tobacco consumption, agencies began to take note of the uses on the burgeoning understanding of the human psyche. It was seen as a tool to point the primal urges and needs of the masses to whatever products the agency was told to sell.

 

More Than A Brand

At this time it wasn’t seen as a giant entity that reaches on all parts of our lives, it was and still is a tool to help sell a product. It was encouraged by the American Government as a way of
helping the economy. It was also seen as a way to showcase or promote something more than a product, marketing would show a culture. Think of Coca-Cola, think of McDonalds. These are well marketed products that define the American culture. Though they have transcended that nowadays and became a truly global brand, there was a time that they were the
champions of the American dream and the American way.

On All Fronts

It would not be surprising that apart from the printed advertisement, marketing also was felt through the radio or in a more convincing fashion, through the television. It was here that it became a
creative force and was brought into the spotlight. Beforehand it was already understood that marketing has inherent importance to the cycle of creating a product and then selling it, in the era of the TV it has became something more. One could even say that marketing transcended the product, and people were then subjected to products with low production values but extensive marketing. Or maybe that’s just the way the opposing side wants to frame things. Either way, a product lives or dies by it’s marketing; shipped a defective batch? Marketing. Someone spread rumours about your product? Marketing. In a slump? Marketing. It would seem to hold the answer to every company’s concerns, it was so because of one neat little thing that was inherent to it ever since it was little. At those times, the flow of information came from overly centralised sources. Only a selected number of radio stations, TV stations and newspapers are available for a single sane person for consumption. Sure enough, one could always ask one’s neighbours but in reality, people’s insight and view on certain things could be generally collared and reigned in should you have a large enough budget and if there’s one thing that those agencies have, it is budget. The story would then be this, the agencies now hold sway over the mindset and the choices of the population, having immense power over how things are presented or maybe what things are not presented. Companies and products need only to tap into this to enjoy the benefits of all of the eyeballs and ears of a nation, unfiltered and unfettered. Complete and total access to their mental process and how people frame things.

This would not last for long

The Digital Age

In 1990 a man named Tim Berners-Lee wrote the first web browser and the modern incarnation of the internet, and almost three decades later it would grow to define the modern human experience. What started out as a military project that became a tool for scientist became a cultural revolution that encompasses the entire world. Making a world without borders possible and the sum knowledge of man open to anyone. The promise of unrestricted access to knowledge and communication was exciting. Though it may look and feel common to us now, the concept of
communicating to someone across the ocean in such a easy and relatively cheap manner would be mindblowing. There are a lot of things brought by the Digital Age, and with it
digital marketing. There are many innovations and possibilities that were opened to humanity at its creation. However, if there is one thing that we can stress that was important that was cultivated during the embryonic stages of the internet, is that it valued individuality and the decentralization. What this ultimately means is that there is no selected service
provider on the internet, you are the service provider. Instead of massive corporations that control a large percentage on what you read, see, and hear. On the internet these corporations can be largely ignored, you can treat the internet as just another endpoint for them or you can treat it as your own personal space. And this love for having your own personal identity on the internet is
what makes it specials, instead of being consumers, the populace became the producers. They frame the world through their own views and perspectives, not through what was greenlit by someone else. Though this also provided a large problem for the people running the marketing.

Now What?

During the early days of the ARPANET digital marketing was largely relegated to mass mailing. Though this is still being used today, it is now more tastefully done as people began to categorise these efforts as ‘spam’. However, on those early days, these online marketing campaigns were not done by the agencies, but by individual personalities advertising their work or product on the network they live in. Mirroring the earlier efforts of marketing on print, they were made by individuals and not by corporations, yet. During the dot-com boom, began the transplanting a concept in print media unto the computer screens with display or banner ads. These ads take up virtual space in these virtual web pages. This was when one started to feel the effects of online marketing upon the internet. This ads would allow websites to live off on them alone like a the newspapers of your although their yield are much lower and depending on a how effective an actual ad it is and how many visitors of a site clicked on an ad. At first the concept of marketing on the internet stayed at that, and it was basically an implementation of a concept done years beforehand and is
now applied to a newer medium. The great thing about these ads is that there is technically no limit to space on a web page, so a web master can just put as many ads as they want, eager to earn the cash they bring in, and so it happened. Webmasters began piling on more and more ads on their sites, cluttering it up more and more and in the same time became increasingly less
and less effective. Content dried up in some pages akin to those earlier products held aloft by marketing alone but the problem is that people flock the sites for the content. The content is the product itself, and as opposed to earlier times were finding an alternative product was hard or even impossible, on the internet it is so much more easier to just find another better product.

There has got to be a better and more nuanced way of doing marketing on the internet. A way that mirrors the technology it came from and showcases the unique characteristics of the internet. A way that can only be done on the internet and nowhere else.

The Engines

A brief background; at the beginning there was a ton of search engines. Right now you would only be thinking of Google, Yahoo! or Bing, but most probably Google. However, before Google got started into what it is today, which is a huge global corporation exercising control over what has now become a main mode of human interaction and entertainment, there was WebCrawler, Excite, Lycos, AltaVista among others. You see, the early revolutionaries on the internet had a problem, it has grown too fast and it was out of control. New sites began popping in an unprecedented rate especially during the dot-com boom. Naturally people cannot possibly know all of these sites, even know the sites that are relevant to their lives. It was much better to just have a yellow pages of the internet, akin to a directory or listing. So, the search engine was born, and once again there were many of them, since like websites, it seemed everyone wanted to make
their own. These sites take a user query, like a group of keywords and then give out a list of websites that, depending on the specific search algorithm employed by the engine, would best fit the given query. Usually the algorithm used was keyword based, basically they rank the pages based on the number of times the keyword appeared. Websites saw this and began almost immediately to
use it to their own advantage, chasing the number one spot on a specific, appropriate set of keywords. But first why? Why would it then be important to chase these top results as opposed to just relying on good old fashioned advertising.

Mainly because good old fashioned advertising had a relatively weaker showing on the web than in print. They were primarily being glossed over, and as more and more people flocked personalised sites these ads became spread thinner and thinner over a wider surface. The webmasters couldn’t really earn that big of a cash flow with them because of the technically limitless space the web could offer as opposed to print where ad space would be jostled and fought over by competing agencies. Basically it was proving to be somewhat ill-fitting, though it served it’s purpose, it wasn’t really maximising itself and producing much needed outcome. Among other things, it is the notion that the user searched for you. It means that the user wasn’t held by some ad magic to your page, not knowing what to do and if they really do want your content or product. It is the notion that the user or your visitor already wants and is looking for your content and product, they are already captive to what you are selling and all they got to do is walk through the front door. Wouldn’t you want your future customers to find the easiest way into your service? Would you do anything to ensure that they are not directed into your competition, but rather into your website. In the era of the internet it has become apparent that location equates to the ranking of a webpage on these search results, and as opposed to a physical location which once you owned, is yours forever, the locations here shift and move depending on silent algorithms. The prime location you may now have and enjoy will someday be taken from unless you do something about it. So websites began improving their sites to target these top spots in
the search engines, and the online marketing model began to shift from the individual site to the search engines. The sites only want to target engines in popular use and the search engines want to give their users reliable service by selecting truly worthy results. This push and pull became the lifeblood itself of the early internet marketing, and many techniques and hacks became prevalent
which are now wholly unusable. This early era showed the importance of these search engines.

PageRank

Influenced by citation analysis on paper, students Larry Page and Sergey Brin developed PageRank and then ultimately launched the searched engine Google. Over time Google would then continually improve upon this base algorithm. However, due to Google’s good performance and it’s sleek design it became the top search provider in the world, ultimately making sure that the PageRank ranking from Google be the top priority amongst webmasters. So it came that webmasters began to shift gears and target higher ranking on Google, and then Google would continually improve upon it’s algorithm and so on and so forth.

Internet And Business

Years passed and there is still one more innovation that would complete it. The introduction and proliferation of online money transactions. Though transactions like these were already being done in the early days of the internet it is it’s maturity into an easy to use system to buy and sell goods and services across multiple platforms for a myriad of products that is the true innovation. Leveraging door-to-door parcel delivery systems for products and even hosting entire warehouses like Amazon, shopping can now be truly done on the internet. And we’ve learned that besides from physical products we can also sell videos, information, ebooks and even our social media influence. Even a promise of a future product can be sold in the form of crowdfunding. This innovation brought marketing front and centre on the internet, and it made the internet front and centre for business. As of now, more and more people are spending more and more time on the
internet. The old modes of communication, of relaying information, of entertainment is slowly shifting towards the internet and is being reborn in it’s digital incarnation. Your business must thrive in the internet if you want it to thrive at all. This is the new marketplace, and the marketplace is global. A business should then treat it as such and respect it for what it is. People nowadays relate their life experiences through the internet, they share and the talk about themselves through it. If your business can tap through that medium then you would have won them over greatly. It is no wonder why there is a surge in digital marketing nowadays. So if you have a business you are missing our on the global marketplace. Gone are the days when businessmen and women are stuck inside their local markets and have to go through hoops and loops to get international exposure, it’s now easier more than ever to set up shop across the oceans themselves. You wont even have to pay for a single space, you could just have your product shipped from your warehouse.

Google And Business

Google dipped into the business of online marketing with AdWords and AdSense, in a way that is can only be done in the internet. They deliver targeted ads inside a website based on the content in the site. The ads therefore have a higher chance of being noticed since they are related to the content people are perusing in the first place in the website they are browsing. Google also went ahead and started showing sponsored results based on specific keywords. So, if you are a business in a specific niche or industry you would typically buy a couple of those keywords that you
think would best represent your industry and when people come searching about it your page will be shown in the top as a sponsored result. Google immensely benefited from this as like in the ad spaces of newspapers and magazines of yore, space was limited and companies and agencies jostled for this choice keywords and being the top sponsored result. These two helped made Google a profitable and successful company and helped them expand their services to encompass the needs of the netizen and in turn give a greater emphasis for marketeers to placate Google. This was all well and good, but still these were not “organic” visitors. They were no better than those clicking on the ads on other side, although they are much more susceptible and probably eager for your product or content, they are just coming through an ad. Another complication was that as time went by, more and more people became aware of the difference between the advertisments and the real deal. Online marketing can only do so much in this regard, as you cannot force a person through your site, if people recognise the ad now, they probably won’t go through it.

SEO

So were back again to chasing the top rank in search results, and why wouldn’t you? These are the most natural and consistent site visitors you could ever want, as stated before, they visit you for you content and not because they were led there via an ad. SEO means search engine optimisation. It is the method of increasing the online visibility of a site on a search result. Since the visitors from these search queries have a higher rate to become a customer it is a lucrative business and a necessity for budding business. SEO is a lot of small changes to the content, the media and markup of a web page. These are calculated moves that make sure a search engine give due consideration of a specific site. Apart from those SEO can be in the videos and in the images of the site. There are a lot of things inside a website were SEO professionals or agencies can go in and improve altogether with their calculated adjustments. Apart from a well designed and coded website, SEO is part of the pillars that uphold a website and ensure its lifetime and exposure. When considering a site, one has to also consider the SEO implications as much as it’s aesthetics and engineering. SEO has exploded into a new industry unto itself and is greatly affecting the world online adverting market. New SEO agencies are popping up to support the internet economy and they are just keeping on going. The future looks towards an increased reliance on the SEO to keep your internet business thriving as they form an integral part in the online marketing toolset. These SEO agencies act as a bridge to gap the complexity of optimisation for complex algorithms on a constant basis, chasing ever changing sets of rules so the average user can just think about their product and focus on the things that matter most.Naturally sites that have come before yours or more probably much more famous than yours is gonna get the upper hand, however there are a lot of SEO professionals that can help you improve your site’s standing and help you improve your business. Nowadays businesses must thrive in the internet and the prime spot for internet business is in the top of the search results ranking. Doing this on your own and trying to optimise your own site might just cost you time and money, however by hiring someone skilled and who know the ins and outs of the system, they can help you improve your standing and visibility on the web. Remember that the web is a huge place and people are more than likely just going to do a Google search on things rather than now where to find the thing that they are searching for. If you want to be the one who will provide them that product or that service, you got to make yourself seen on the web.

SEO encompasses a lot of things, from your sites content, the images for the image search, even your videos and more importantly searches affecting the trends in your specific industry. SEO is up-to-date with the latest updates and trends to make sure that they can help your site be known and visible in a full spectrum of availability. If a user wants to look for your service, it
should be easy for them to find you. There are countless strategies and techniques used by SEO professionals to help improve the sites profitability. Even if your site is a non-profit or it’s fighting for a cause SEO professionals can ensure that your voice is heard throughout the web and you are not silenced in a sea of websites. SEO exposes you hoards of vital web traffic that is the lifeblood of an internet business.

Can You Say That Again?

  • Business needs the
    internet to survive in this day and age.
  • They will go broke
    without the proper marketing tools that are appropriate for the online word
  • Top search engine
    result are the prime space to get the most reliable and useful visitors to a website
  • SEO professionals
    or agencies are the way to go to answer the needs of your or any business

SEO has given a unique solution to a unique problem presented in the internet, how to maximise online marketing. Sure enough there are other tools in the trade to promote your business but SEO is one of the more effective and hard hitting tools out there that you could possibly wield to great effect. SEO is a relatively new and exciting field that is tailored fit to answer the needs of digital marketing in the internet-age. It is built on the technology that underlies the web itself, connectivity and it answers the importance of framing your service in the eyes of what the consumer wants. The success stories of companies having a positive outcome due to a successful SEO campaign are numerous and opting out would be a disservice to yourself. It has become an intense competition for the space on top of those search results and SEO agencies are here to help. Ultimately, it is your choice. There are still lots of avenues to promote and to advertise your site to the masses. However, note that none are as effective and as relevant as a good SEO agency. Their contribution to the world of online business and to the businesses themselves are undeniable. They
give a pedestal to those that truly need the platform to promote themselves.

The Inside of the Recreational Vehicle

September 26, 2018

The Inside of the Recreational Vehicle

The recreational vehicles and others known as camping cars are becoming very popular. They are going to be a great tool for anyone looking for a great adventure. There will be comfort and space for anyone looking for a great camping trip.

The inside of the recreational vehicle is going to be having a big part in your comfortable stay.

Having a recreational vehicle is going to have a bed, bathroom, smaller kitchen area, and some storage areas.

Having a luxurious recreational vehicle is going to have a living room with a table, TV, kitchen and even a microwave. You can expect a master bedroom as well with a great cozy bed.

The bathrooms are going to have a spacious shower and the toilets are going to be portable. You can detach them and clean the area any time you want.

There are going to be different terms that are involved with the inside of the recreational vehicles. The toilets are going to have a Black water tank that will hold the waster water.

The kitchens are going to have recreational vehicles that have Grey water tanks. They are going to be used to store the water from the shower and the kitchen sinks that is waste.

One of the most important pieces of equipment in the interior of the recreational vehicle is the generators and the converters. The generators can be petrol, propane, or diesel.

They will generate AC voltage and will be useful in dry camping and in the middle of the travel. The converter is going to take the AC voltage from the generator of the campsite hookups and converts it into DC voltage. The voltage is going to be used by the electrical equipments in the RV.

House batteries are going to turn out as another source of DC voltage. The batteries have a smaller capacity of 12 volts DC. The vehicle batteries can charge the batteries.

The inverters will take the DC voltage from the house and convert it into AC. The equipment that needs to have the AC voltage to run will use this type of voltage.

The Ins And Outs Of Diesel Generators

August 29, 2018

The Ins And Outs Of Diesel Generators

Leningradsky Metallichesky Zavod
Source: Flickr

Generators are used for electric power generation. Two categories of diesel generators are basically available in market- one is portable generator and the other is standby generator. Diesel Generators are mostly used to make sure that electric appliances can be run when there is a power failure. Standby diesel generators are mostly used in homes and offices and installed outside the house or office building. These are plugged in home wiring or electric power circuit. These can automatically detect power failure and start supplying power with in moments. Portable diesel generators are used on sites where there is much less supply of electric power and they can only run few small appliances like refrigerators, televisions and turnaces.

Diesel generators use comparatively less fuel and thus are more fuel efficient than power generated by gasoline or natural gas. For every liter of fuel consumed, diesel generators can run 2 to 3 times more efficiently than natural gas engines. There is no need of frequent maintenance for diesel engines, but gasoline engines need more frequent maintenance. Most diesel engines designed with water-cooled engine up to a speed of 1800 rounds per minute. This makes sure that the engine is durable, and makes it most dependable of all generators.

Unlike other natural gas generators and gasoline generators, diesel engines are very safe to use because they work on direct injection principle and they do not have any spark plugs. The unavailability of spark plug keeps them safe from fire. Diesel generator has a better shelf life. This is the least flammable source of fuel, hence can be stored for more time.

The fuel for the diesel generators is available at all gas stations and can be collected in comfortable cans. Main problems in case of diesel generators are: it is very hard to start them in cold weather, they are noisy and emit more smoke. Home diesel generators may cost $ 800 for 4 kilowatt to $10000 for a 15-kilowatt depending upon the rating, voltage consumption, quality and brand name. Diesel generators can also be used in industrial purposes. For industrial purpose they are available in range of 500 kilowatt to 2000 kilowatt.

Fuels such as diesel, gasoline, natural gas, or propane can basically power home generators. Some models of diesel generators also designed with multi fuel capabilities. The fuel choice of will depend on availability of fuel during emergency times.

All About Passing The GAMSAT

August 11, 2018

THE PROPER GAMSAT PREPARATIONS AND MATERIALS

Gamsat Material PreparationThe Graduate Australian Medical School Admissions Test (GAMSAT) has grown from just Medical Graduate-entry School test to a defining chapter in the career of medical students in Australia, Ireland and the United Kingdom. It is the required medium for students seeking admission into Australian, Ireland and UK universities for medical graduate entry programs.

The courses that require the GAMSAT.

GAMSAT is written by students seeking to run the following medical programs

• Medicine
• Dentistry
• Optometry
• Physiotherapy
• Podiatry
• Pharmacy
• Veterinary science

How To Study For The GAMSAT

how to study for gamsat

how to study for gamsat –
Acegamsat.com/downloads/full-gamsat-practice-test/- if you want to know how to study for gamsat then watch this video to learn how to study for gamsat.

http://www.acegamsat.com/ Preparation Materials

Universities that require GAMSAT.

Although, at inception in 1995, the test was designed for only students in Australia. However, in 1999 it became the Graduate-entry admission test for students in the United Kingdom. And later in 2007, it was adopted in Ireland. In Australia, all medical schools use the GAMSAT and some of them are;
• Australian National University
• Griffith University
• Macquarie University
• The University of Melbourne
• The University of Notre Dame Australia
• The University of Notre Dame Australia
• The University of Queensland
• Deakin University
• Flinders University
• The University of Western Australia
• The University of Wollongong
• University of Sydney

In the United Kingdom, however, it is gaining rapid acceptance and is currently in use by about nine British Universities including;

• University of Liverpool
• University of Nottingham
• Cardiff University
• Keele University
• University of Plymouth
• St. Georges University of London
• Swansea University
• University of Exeter

And in Ireland, the test which was adopted in 2007 is now been used by all the Graduate-entry schools. Some of them are;

• Royal College of Surgeons
• University of Limerick
• University College Dublin
• University College Cork
• Jagiellonian University of Medicine
• Poznan University of Medical Sciences
• Oceania University of Medicine

The nature of GAMSAT.

GAMSAT utilizes a system somewhat in contrast to the regular test system which is based on the students’ knowledge of the subjects and courses. It utilizes a system that evaluates the students’ reasoning, general knowledge and problem-solving skills. This way, students are demanded to apply their mastery and use of basic science, tactical thinking, problem-solving and article writing in answering the test questions. This is why more ingenious GAMSATpreparations must be made by aspiring students for them to successfully write the test. The forms of questions in the test are not entirely new or strange, they’re all created from the major courses of sciences; Mathematics, Chemistry (general and organic chemistry), Physics, Biology and English.

Writing GAMSAT involves hours of skilful problems solving. It is presented in three sections that are meant to be all completed in about 5 hours. The three sections of the test are;

1. Humanities and social sciences: This is the first section, it contains 75 questions which are based on humanities and social science courses. Students are required to complete it in 1 hour 40 minutes.

2. Essay and communication assessment: In this second section, students are evaluated based on their writing and communication skills. Students are therefore required to develop two essays in an hour.

3. Physical sciences: This is the third and final section of the test. It is designed to evaluate the students’ skill in the science of biology, physics and chemistry. Before taking this section, students are given an hour-long lunch break which starts at the end of the second section. The third sections contain 110 questions and the students are required to answer all in 2 hours 30 minutes

Students result grading for GAMSAT.

Students scores are based on evaluation rather than just series of points. The raw scores are never revealed to the students. However, during grading, more emphasis is laid on the third section even though the other two sections greatly affect the students’ results. At the completion of the grading process and release of the result, the scores are converted to percentages.

Students’ eligibility for GAMSAT.

Not all students are eligible to take GAMSAT, but more people are eligible than many people know. The test is designed to grant students admission for graduate-entry programs and a number of factors qualify a student to sit for it;
• To run a graduate-entry program, a student is required to already have the first degree; and as such, GAMSAT requires a first degree to be sat for.
• In this case, where a student is in the final year and will in a short while, complete his/her first degree, they can also sit for the test.
• Although the test is for entry into Medical school, it is not restricted to only medical students. As such, students with the first degree in other faculties (Arts and Social Sciences, Engineering and Health Sciences) can apply and sit for the test.
• A personal requirement, however, involves; Intellectual maturity, Basic and sound knowledge of sciences and total readiness

Adequate preparation for GAMSAT.

It may seem that truly, every major undertaking requires adequate preparation, however, adequate GAMSAT preparation is a major determinant of the students’ overall performance. GAMSAT preparation guarantees that students who follow the scheme excellent in the test, the preparation includes the professionally and specially developed materials and books that will ensure the reality of students’ success in the GAMSAT. Students’ preparation for the test should cover these four scopes;

1. Registration
2. Timing
3. Psychological preparedness
4. Materials.
5. Registration

Gamsat Practice TestThe first step towards excelling in GAMSAT is in the registration; no one participates in what they are not into. Students have to realize that unlike other programs which their registrations take a month, week or days before the program, the GAMSAT registration starts earlier. Registrations for this test comes up twice yearly (the test is taken twice a year anyway) and about 4 months before the test. The two times GAMSAT is sat for are; first, during late March into Early April and second, towards the end of September. It is therefore tantamount for aspiring students to get their registrations done and have their place secured. After registration, they have about four months to put all necessary things in place. Guide on the registration procedure can be gotten from the AceGAMSAT preparation materials.

Timing.

One of the major skills that must be developed by students prior to the test is excellent time management. The AceGAMSAT preparation materials and preparation courses are designed to acquit students with the timing they will work with when sitting for the test. Time preparation is very crucial to the students, they must learn to work with very limited time. Also, considering the nature of GAMSAT which involves skills evaluation and problems solving, it is also important that students improve their speed in answering questions. And also be speedy in critical and logical thinking and in solving real problems.

Psychological readiness.

Students who will sit for GAMSAT have to be psychologically prepared and mentally ready for the test. A number of things that the students should do are;
• Students should gather as much relevant knowledge as they can in sciences and other related fields.
• Students should endeavour to have relevant skills that will aid their excellent performance.
• Students should acquire the AceGAMSAT books as they are professionally designed to meet all preparation needs of students for the test.

GAMSAT Materials.

Gamsat Preparation MaterialIn order to perform excellently in the GAMSAT, it is mandatory for students to study the proper materials for the test. It will be very absurd for a student to just read randomly from physics, chemistry or biology textbook. It will be equally unfruitful for students to solve random questions from mathematics textbooks or just scribble random essay topics. All of these actions will not only be a waste of time, effort and resources but will finally not yield the desired performance in the test. The perfect materials of study must, therefore, be streamlined to be very relevant to the test being prepared for. And this is exactly how the AceGAMSAT preparation resources are designed. Not only do these resources help the students stay on the right track in their readiness for the test, they also provide students with what to expect; while making the experience very similar to the actual test

GAMSAT preparations proper Set Up

The whole scope and scheme of GAMSAT is made up of 7 subjects;

• Mathematics
• Essay
• Physics
• Biology
• General Chemistry
• Organic Chemistry
• Humanities

And it is very unlikely that a student can cover all of these subjects by random reading and studying of a textbook and other imprecise resources. However, AceGAMSAT resources for all of these subjects have been developed along with primary and general guide about the whole scope of GAMSAT. The development of the AceGAMSAT preparation courses has positioned students for optimum performance in the test. Every single one of these preparation materials was carefully and specially developed by professionals who are putting in hours with their years of GAMSAT experience. These materials therefore ensure;

• That students streamline their studies and preparations towards the test and not random, stressful and uncertain studies.

• That students have a similar experience as when they sit for the test, thereby ensuring that they know what to expect.
• That students horn their speed; in answering questions, thinking logically and tactically and solving problems. This way, they are very ready to handle the speed demand during the test.

• That students answer questions, solve problems and apply their skills in ways very similar to the test.

• That student can answer the questions and solve the problems after practices.

• That students realize their errors, correct them and have a deep and lasting understanding of the corrections they make. Since the solutions to every single question in the AceGAMSAT books are provided in very understandable forms.

• That student can afford the financial cost of effective GAMSAT preparation by not having to spend on acquiring irrelevant and uncertain materials. These GAMSAT preparation materials have been designed optimally and can be acquired at affordable prices.

• That student does not have their preparation period wasted by trying to study loads of random textbooks. This can concentrate on the proper guide and study outline coupled with the questions provided all within the preparation period and ultimately perform excellently at the test.

• That most importantly, students are no longer in uncertainty and doubt as to what to expect in the test. This is because these GAMSAT preparation courses give them exactly what to expect, which are the form of questions and the most proper way to solve them.

The GAMSAT books for the perfect GAMSAT preparation.

To successfully and efficiently cover the whole GAMSAT scheme so that no part is left out and so no chance of failure, the preparation courses have been designed into 8 AceGAMSAT books;

1. The Humanities Bible
2. The Biology Bible
3. The Organic chemistry Bible
4. The Physics Bible
5. The General Chemistry Bible
6. The Mathematics Bible
7. The GAMSAT Practical tests
8. The GAMSAT Bible

As mentioned earlier that GAMSAT is not open only to students who have obtained medical degrees and that it covers the broad range of humanities and general skills. In fact, the first section which contains 75 questions which are to be answered in 1 hour 40 minutes is all about the humanities and social sciences. Therefore, the AceGAMSAT preparation Humanity bible is comprehensively designed to prepare students for the 4 parts of section 1 of the test. These four parts are;

1. Analyzing and extracting points and meanings from Prose, Poem, Songs and Drama: In this part, students are equipped with the skill to thoroughly comprehend every given passage, prose, poem, songs and dramas and to apply the required logical reasoning and approach in effectively answering the questions presented.

2. Comprehending Humanities and the standard concepts of the social science: Here, the students develop the basic understanding of Humanities and its applications and the relations and the notion of social sciences. And therefore effectively answering all related questions.

3. A quick interpretation of cartoons and illustrations: Part of the problems to be solved when sitting for the GAMSAT is the proper comprehension of cartoons and effectively interpreting them. As such, the Humanities Bible comes with every aspect of cartoons and illustrations which after proper practices by the students, they are very set for the section 1 of the test.

4. Applying critical and analytical thinking skills. To successfully clear the first section of the GAMSAT, students have to make a tactical analysis as the solutions to the problems span beyond the primary academics.
In all, however, the Humanities covers all scopes of Human culture and interactions, which are:
• Languages
• Law
• Linguistics
• Politics
• International Relations
• Sociology
• Visual Culture
• Criminology
• English
• History.

The GAMSAT Biology Bible.

Gamsat Biology BibleBiology in the GAMSAT is structured in no different way from other subjects and as such, same approach of in-depth studies must be used by students to successfully answer all Biology questions of the test.

The section 3 of the test which contains 100 questions to be answered in 2 hours 50 minutes is 40% for biology. This may sound so amazing, but it’s more amazing to properly utilize the biology Bible. In this preparation book, students are fully prepared for the sections of biology that the test is built on. Some of the topics include;

1. Biology of cells and cell division: In this section, students acquire the proper approach to answering questions on the Basic structure of the cell, the cell membrane, membrane transport, Mitosis and Meiosis, and the techniques for organic molecule analysis.

2. Macromolecules and the Cellular Metabolism: In this part, students are required to work on the Structure and Metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates and lipid.

3. Enzymes
4. The Gastrointestinal system
5. The Musculoskeletal system
6. The Circulatory system
7. The Excretory system
8. The Endocrine and hormone system
9. Microbes and communicable diseases
10. Immunology
11. Embryology
12. Homeostasis,
13. Electrolytes, water, and Acid-Base Balance
14. The Nervous system and neurology: Under which are Neural control, sensory reception and coordination.
15. Genetics

The GAMSAT Organic chemistry Bible.

Gamsat Organic Chemistry BibleOrganic chemistry seems to freight into many students when they come across it. And for GAMSAT, an excellent work done in chemistry is a major determinant of the students’ success, just like the biology, organic chemistry makes up a part of the third section of the GAMSAT. For this reasons, therefore, the AceGAMSAT preparation biology bible is carefully and specially developed such that students who properly utilize it will gain the optimum ability to deal with the third section of the test. The themes of organic chemistry that are utilized in GAMSAT include;
• The principal of organic chemistry
• Diels-Alder reactions
• Functional groups
• Sigmatropic rearrangements
• Aldol formation and condensation
• The terpene structure
• Weiner Index
• Bicyclic Nomenclature
• Infrared Spectroscopy
• Beer-Lambert Law
• IUPAC nomenclature
• Ternary Diagram
• Morphine rules
• Isomerism
• Geometric Conformation and Structure
• Reactions of common groups with their properties
• Chirality and its application
• Organic reaction mechanisms
• Carbocation re-arrangements
• Substitution and Elimination reactions
• Resonance structure
• Transamination
• Peptide hydrolysis
• Fatty acids and iodine
• The 4n+2 rule and the aromatic systems
• Substituent groups on the benzene ring
• Fischer and Newman projections
• Conformational isomerism
• Cahn-Ingold-Prelog convention and the application to stereoisomerism
• True configuration to optical isomers

With thorough treatments on these topics using the AceGAMSAT biology Bible, students are sure to excel in the organic chemistry questions when they sit for the test.

Gamsat Physics Bible

For some, physics is fun, for some others complicated and for so many, their main challenge is the formulas they will require in solving physics questions. Whichever case it may be for any student who will sit for GAMSAT, the best way to deal with all of the challenges and develop in-depth knowledge and understanding of the physics aspect of GAMSAT is through the use of the AceGAMSAT Physics Bible. The themes that are usually presented in the test are many and do not remain the same, however, some of the main appearances are;

1. Force: and some of the subheadings are;
• Friction force
• Newton’s First Law of Motion
• Newton’s Second Law of Motion
• Newton’s Third Law of Motion
• Centripetal force
• Centripetal motion
• Gravitational force

2. Work and energy: some of the subheadings are;
• Law of conservation
• Elastic and non-elastic collisions
• Calculations on power, work, potential energy and kinetic energy
• Calculations on elastic force and potential

3. Fluids in physics: some of the subheadings are;
• Archimedes Principle
• Hydrostatic pressure
• Surface tension
• Cohesive force and Adhesive force
• Liquid flow
• Bernoulli’s equation and its applications

4. Electrostatics: some of the subheadings are;
• Ohms Law
• Series circuits and Parallel circuits
• Current, Voltage and Resistance

5. Waves: some of the subheadings are;
• Frequency and Time period
• Simple harmonic motion
• Spring oscillator
• Pendulum movement
• Snell’s Law

6. Magnetism: some of the subheadings are;
• Polarity and Direct current in an electromagnet
• Force on a current carrier
• Polarity of magnets
• Induction mechanism

7. Optics: some of the subheadings are;
• Object image and focal distance
• Lens and Mirror
• Object image height and distance
• Ray diagrams

8. Linear motion: some of the subheadings are;
• Time and Displacement
• Velocity and Acceleration
• Linear motion graphs
• Velocity time graphs
• Projectile motion

The GAMSAT General chemistry Bible.

Gamsat General Chemistry BibleThis comprehensive AceGAMSAT book is specially developed to cover the aspects of general chemistry that students will be required to face in the GAMSAT. Some of the themes of the general chemistry that are utilized in the test are;
• Stoichiometry
• Prediction of reaction products
• Thermodynamics
• Nuclear chemistry
• Electrochemistry
• Chemical kinetics
• Physical chemistry
• Entropy
• Rate law

And because the General chemistry covers all other aspects not covered by organic chemistry, the AceGAMSAT general chemistry bible is comprehensively developed. This is to ensure that students; after properly utilizing it in preparation will develop outstanding knowledge and approach to the subject and therefore correctly answer every related question.

The GAMSAT Mathematics Bible.

Gamsat Mathematics BibleWhen it comes to sections in GAMSAT, there is no particular section for mathematics, but when working on section three, adequate, deep and comprehensive knowledge of mathematics is a prerequisite for excellence. Mathematics might be difficult for so many students but with the use of AceGAMSAT Mathematics Bible, students are sure to develop the in-depth knowledge of what to expect. Apart from the topics that require studying in other to successfully complete the section 3 of GAMSAT, the mathematics bible is also specially designed for students to horn their estimation and approximation skills.

The topics utilized in the test include;
• Order of operations
• Logarithms and Exponents
• Scientific Notation
• Basic Geometry
• Graphs
• Probability
• Integers and their properties
• Algebra
• Factorisation
• Surds
• Vector
It should be understood, however, that there is no use of calculators during the test. That is why it is important for students to develop the skill of quick, accurate and excellent estimation. This skill is also due to other reasons and some of the reasons are:
• The questions are of multiple choice and as such students with the required estimation skill will easily determine the answers either by eliminating the absurd options or considering the most suitable
• There is very limited time for every section, thus; the entire test. And therefore the most appropriate way to beat the time and still excel in the test is through the utilization of excellent estimation skill, rather than solving for every answer.
• Also, as mentioned earlier, there is no particular section set out for mathematics, rather it has to be applied across the entire test. Therefore, students are not required to scribble pages of mathematical workings, but rather to apply the proper mathematical skills in the approach of questions that require it.
Gamsat Mathematics Bible

The GAMSAT practical tests.

Gamsat Full Practice TestThe efficiency of solving all problems and answering all questions in the GAMSAT is in the proper practices. In fact, the major part of the GAMSAT preparation is practising. While other things can be put in place once, efficient and proper practice is continuous down to the date of the test. In order to ensure the best of practice for students preparing for the test, AceGAMSAT practical tests book was developed. It comes in the exact format of the actual GAMSAT. It utilizes the three sections by providing students with questions that ultimately prepared them for the test. The AceGAMSAT practical tests book is sectioned into three to allow for efficient study and practice. Just like the actual GAMSAT test, the first section of the book presents 75 humanities and social science questions.

The questions are the inexact standard of the GAMSAT and therefore students who utilize the book well are sure to clear the first section of the test when they eventually take it. Another outstanding fact is that the solution to every one of the 75 questions has been provided in the book for an easy and thorough understanding of the students. It is also advised that when students use the practise tests, they should do so using the time stated which is the same time with the actual test, this will ensure help in the development of their speed and therefore get them fully ready for the test.

The second section of the practical test book is also in the same form as the section 2 of the actual test. The essays are presented in the same standard as the essays in the GAMSAT. This, therefore, ensures that the students who utilize it are sound and ready for the second section of the test. Also, in this section, it is ensured that the students can develop excellent articles and effectively communicate them in writings.

The third section is designed as the exact replica of section 3 of the actual GAMSAT, it presents 100 questions and of the proper standard. The AceGAMSAT practical tests are so comprehensive, it engages the similar subject percentage as of GAMSAT. The subject percentages are;

• Biology-related questions of 40%
• Physics questions of 20%
• Organic chemistry questions of 20%
• General chemistry questions of 20%.

These unique and comprehensive presentations make the GAMSAT practical test a must utilized AceGAMSAT book.

The AceGAMSAT study guide.

This is also called the GAMSAT Bible. This book is developed as the total roundup package for GAMSAT preparations. In this book, students are adequately developed on the following skills;

1. Excellent Vocabulary Building: This way, students are guided and helped in building and developing their vocabularies. And as such getting acquitted with the various seemingly difficult words in section 1 of the test. They’re also equipped with excellent vocabularies that can be utilized in section 2 of the test; where they are required to develop superior articles around given topics.

2. Consistent And Effective Study Routine: The study guide is specially designed to help the students develop a study routine that actually works. This is as opposed to the primary study style of randomly reading and trying to gather resources towards the test. This skill is will ensure an excellent study plan towards the test and ultimately guarantee an excellent performance.

3. Excellent comprehension mastery: It is good to read a comprehension and try to answer questions on it, but it is a rare skill to gain mastery of comprehension passages. The study guide helps the students to gain an absolute mastery of section 1 of the GAMSAT where they are required to read and assimilate comprehensions and show excellent understanding by providing the correct answers to questions that follow.

4. AceGAMSAT Elimination Strategy: This is a rare skill that can only be developed by students who use the AceGAMSAT study guide. Students are able to efficiently eliminate absurd answers, pick out correct ones and ultimately beating the time and having a wonderful performance.

5. Accurate guessing strategy: When students run out of time while writing the GAMSAT, it is very difficult for them to remain coordinated and quickly provide answers to the questions that may be left. However, using the study guide equips the students with the skill of most accurate guessing and as such, if they run out of time, they can still confidently provide the right answers to every remaining question.

6. Effective essay planning and writing: As already made clear, the section 2 of the GAMSAT is made up of two essays which the students are required to develop in an hour. This study guide, therefore, equips students with the skill to properly plan and write essays on every topic they come across in good time.

Sitting for Graduate Australian Medical School Admissions Test (GAMSAT) is a defining chapter for the future of the medical students. But sitting for it and excelling is the real success. But is it clear also that a regular or random study of just any material is not enough for a good performance? The very best of preparations must be made to reach at least 70%. Therefore, the best GAMSAT preparation that students can make is the acquisition and utilization of the complete set of the AceGAMSAT preparation materials and resources.

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